12 Essential Brazilian Jiu Jitsu Techniques You Can Master At Home

Friday, May 29, 2020, 12:53 pm
By:James Fraser

Brazilian Jiu Jitsu or BJJ is the second most popular grappling sport in the world after Judo. It focuses more on defense, and it is an ideal combat technique for someone who is short and slightly built. Both Brazilian Jiu Jitsu and Judo have their roots to traditional Japanese Jiu-Jitsu, which is a crude martial art that has highly dangerous moves. BJJ's founder, Mitsuyo Maeda, removed such perilous techniques, refined original Jiu-Jitsu, and transformed it into a kind of combat sport. Hey, do you want to learn Brazilian Jiu Jitsu at home? Check these 12 basic BJJ moves then! Take care of yourself and be aware of surroundings while practicing. Since BJJ is all about ground battling, you may need a friend to practice these moves.
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1.Hip Escape Or Shrimping

A hip escape is a basic Brazilian Jiu Jitsu defense move that helps get rid of a grappling opponent. It is a basic technique, and if you can master it well, hip escape sets you up nicely to learn more defensive as well as attacking moves. You can practice this technique alone or with the help of a friend. If you are doing it alone, just lie on your back and imagine a person on your top who is trying to choke you. Bring your two elbows together and move your body leftwards, and then rightwards, to loosen up the opponent's grip. Now keep your two elbows close together and push your hands up quickly and forcefully as if you are doing a bench press. Please check the following video for visual instructions.


Hip Escape Or Shrimping-12 Essential Brazilian Jiu Jitsu Techniques You Can Master At Home



2.Scissor Sweep

Like hip escape, scissor sweep is also a guard passing technique that helps learners avoid the guard and get hold of the opponent quickly. When you are on the floor and being grappled by your opponent, grab their collar with your right hand. Make sure you grip their collar in such a way that all the four fingers are inside and thumb outside. This reduces the risk of finger injuries and gives you a better grip. Now get hold of their left elbow with your left hand. Put your right foot on the ground and shift all your body weight to the left shoulder. Move your left leg closer to the opponent's knee and twist yourself forcefully to a side and bring them down to the ground.


Scissor Sweep-12 Essential Brazilian Jiu Jitsu Techniques You Can Master At Home


3.Triangle Choke

The triangle choke, also known as Sankaku Jime, is a commonly used submission maneuver of Brazilian Jiu Jitsu, Judo, and many other grapple arts. It happens when a person who is taken in the guard tries to cross their two legs around the neck of his opponent in an attempt to choke them. The extreme pain makes a fighter to give up the match, which in martial arts terms is called submission. Check the following video for clear instructions on how a beginner can practice triangle choke. Hey, note that this technique is very dangerous and be very careful while practicing with your friends as it can potentially harm them.


Triangle Choke-12 Essential Brazilian Jiu Jitsu Techniques You Can Master At Home



4.Cross Collar Choke

The cross collar choke is one of the first few moves a Brazilian Jiu Jitsu student learns from their master. If you are a BJJ enthusiast, you may have heard about Roger Gracie already. He is one of the finest Jiu-Jitsu practitioners in the world. He won numerous world championships with this cross collar move. It has been his trademark technique, and if you want to learn it as well, check the video below. Cross collar choke's hard to learn because people need to have very strong fingers and wrists to pull it off with perfection.


Cross Collar Choke-12 Essential Brazilian Jiu Jitsu Techniques You Can Master At Home


5.Straight Armlock From Mount Or Guard

The straight armlock is another useful submission move that can be carried out either from the mount position or the guard. It is Ronda Rousey's signature move, and nothing can her opponents do to escape it. The straight armlock technique is difficult to learn, particularly if you are a beginner. Make sure you practiced the other simple grappling moves that are mentioned in the first couple of posts before attempting to learn this maneuver. Theoretically, a straight armlock occurs when the attacker gets hold of opponent's arm and applies tremendous pressure on the elbow. Watch the video for visual instructions.


Straight Armlock From Mount Or Guard-12 Essential Brazilian Jiu Jitsu Techniques You Can Master At Home

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6.Double Leg Take Down

In martial arts, the term takedown refers to making a fighter fall on the ground. When you fall and have your back touching the ground, you are in a guard position. Your opponent who is on top of you is in a mount position. It is easy to attack the enemy from a mount position, so takedown moves have great significance in Brazilian Jiu Jitsu. Double leg takedown is a generic name. The actual term for it in BJJ community is Baiana. This is a very simple technique; all you need to do is bend, force yourself toward opponent's hip, and grab them by the back of their knees. Now try to unbalance them by lifting them off the ground by their knees. Check this video for instructions.


Double Leg Take Down-12 Essential Brazilian Jiu Jitsu Techniques You Can Master At Home


7.Americana Lock

Americana lock, also known as, bent armlock or key lock is submission move where an attacker exerts enormous pressure on the elbow by twisting it in an L shape. This painful technique forces the opponent to give up the match, without which they may face dire consequences including fracture. In one of the UFC matchups, Ronda Rousey broke her opponent's arm while grappling her with Americana lock. For clear instructions, watch the following video on YouTube.com. The Americana lock is a dangerous BJJ technique, so one need to be very cautious while practicing.


Americana Lock-12 Essential Brazilian Jiu Jitsu Techniques You Can Master At Home

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8.Rear Naked Choke

Rear naked choke is a very common move that can be seen in many martial arts and combat sports. Many of the WWE and UFC superstars use this move to force their opponents to submit. Though this technique is hard to master, it is very easy to learn. Whether or not you are interested in Jiu Jitsu, learning a simple fighting move like this protects your life from assailants in the case of an unfortunate attack. As far as the technique goes, you just need to lock your opponent by crossing your legs firmly across their abdomen as seen in the picture and lock their neck with appropriate pressure using your elbows. Take great care while practicing as rear naked choke can be fatal at times.


Rear Naked Choke-12 Essential Brazilian Jiu Jitsu Techniques You Can Master At Home


9.Bullfighter Guard Pass

Also known as Toreando pass, bullfighter guard pass is a technique used by Brazilian Jiu Jitsu and many other grappling arts players to escape the guard. A guard in BJJ is the name given to the ground position, and the player who is on top takes the mount position. Guard passing is a procedure in which the person on the top exerts more pressure on the opponent to be in a dominant position. To achieve that, they need to try some guard passing techniques, and bullfighter guard pass is one of the popular ones. In this move, an attacker tries to control his opponent by grabbing his legs or feet and twisting him sideways. Watch the bullfighter guard pass instructions video for better understanding.


Bullfighter Guard Pass-12 Essential Brazilian Jiu Jitsu Techniques You Can Master At Home

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10.Over-Under Guard Pass

Over-Under guard pass is another guard-passing technique that is heavily used by Jiu Jitsu professional players to defeat their opponents. Former world champion and one of the most talented Jiu Jitsu players of modern times, Bernardo Faria, have used this over-under guard pass technique to win numerous championships. Check the following video for clear instructions on how to learn and practice over-under guard pass. In this technique, you use your body weight to create pressure on the opponent, ultimately forcing him to submit.


Over-Under Guard Pass-12 Essential Brazilian Jiu Jitsu Techniques You Can Master At Home


11.Hip Bump Sweep

Hip bump sweep is a classic guard-passing move that is easy to learn.  This technique is popular in other combat sports like Judo and MMA as well. Hip bump sweep has many variations, but the basic technique remains the same, which is sweeping your opponent sideways to escape the guard. The following video teaches you how to practice hip bump sweep at home. As we said earlier, it is a basic defense technique, and anyone who thinks they are at the risk of getting involved in a brawl must learn it.


Hip Bump Sweep-12 Essential Brazilian Jiu Jitsu Techniques You Can Master At Home

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12.Guillotine Choke

Guillotine choke is yet another standard chokehold technique that is similar to rear naked choke but applied from in front of the opponent. Also known as Mae Hadaka Jime or front naked choke, guillotine choke is very common move seen in many types of martial arts including BJJ. This move is a combination of lock and hold techniques. As explained in the video, you need to hold your opponent firmly using closed guard technique and apply pressure on the neck to force the opponent to give up. In this technique, one can encircle an opponent's neck in a way that it constricts either airflow to the lungs or blood to the brain.


Guillotine Choke-12 Essential Brazilian Jiu Jitsu Techniques You Can Master At Home


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